The biggest bang for your buck. That’s what Asphalt Shingles on a roof can provide to you, the homeowner. It’s not the most durable material. Durability and longevity belong to metal roofing and natural slate.
For the value, though, Asphalt Shingles are hard to beat, especially when viewed through the prism of their low upfront cost and high near-term home improvement ROI.
Did you know? An asphalt shingle roof, such as 30-year architectural shingles, can often be installed for under $12,500 on a small or mid-sized house in the US.
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For a relatively modest upfront cost, you can expect to get at least 10 to 15 years of roof protection or longer, depending on the type of shingle you choose.
Pro Tip: Generally speaking, you will get a much better ROI and longer service lifespan by installing architectural shingles as opposed to 3-tab.
That said, on a per sq. ft. basis, you can expect to pay anywhere from $5.00 to $8.50 to install architectural shingles on a typical single-family house (up to two floors) in the US.
Note that both building materials such as plywood, lumber, and others, and professional installation costs have been increasing by double digits per year due to the rampant pace of inflation, especially for producers/vendors who may have been somewhat reluctant to pass their costs onto the consumers, but those price increases have certainly been trickling down into the larger consumer economy. This has been especially evident in places with tight labor markets and exploding real estate values.
Residential roofs in expensive coastal and metropolitan areas will cost more to replace than comparable roofs in rural areas. States like South Carolina, parts of Georgia, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Kansas will have lower costs than New England, Mid-Atlantic, and West Coast States.
As you can see, roof pricing is highly regional, because the cost of professional labor and associated costs of doing business including insurance costs can vary a lot in different parts of the country.
Note: Larger remodeling companies and general contractors will charge up to 30% more to install a new roof than a smaller roofing company. Reason being is that larger companies have some serious overhead costs that get priced into their roofing services.
A Wee Bit of History
For a long time, slate tiles were the cream of the crop when it came to roofing a house or building. In the early 20th century, that changed.
America went from using slate and cedar (wood) shakes and shingles as predominant materials for covering their homes, to what was at the time the newly unveiled asphalt shingles. The reason for this was two-fold; The new asphalt shingle was made to look very similar to the slate tile, but at a much more affordable cost.
Like all things mass production, it allowed millions of homeowners to enjoy decent roof quality without the need to spend a whole lot of money on a roof. Yet, like many things associated with mass production and usage, it led to a significant, and ongoing issue with the disposal of old asphalt shingles.
Understanding Asphalt Shingles Options
Back in the day, it used to be that asphalt roofing was rolled onto roofs. Cloth-like paper, with layer of asphalt, coated with stone granules.
In the early 1900’s, the rolls were sliced into individual pieces.
Add in the political pressure from the National Board of Fire Underwriters, who thought this material was much better for a home covering than the popular wood shakes alternative, and a monumental industry was born! 😉
Strip shingles, or what we call 3-tab today, used to be the standard for nearly half a century. They offer a single layer, uniform look for the roof. They are lightweight even in today’s market. But they are considered cheap and less durable than the next step up, or what we call architectural shingles.
Architectural Shingles are thicker, heavier and offer far more variety than their predecessor. With 50% more weight than a 3-tab shingle, architectural shingles come at a higher cost. Though, the cost is easily justifiable with more durability, longer service lifespan and the idea that shapes of shingles can be different.
Architectural shingles are also known as laminated or dimensional shingles because there is an appearance of more depth to the roof than what 3-tab/strip shingles provide.
Many routinely refer to architectural as the premium product, but they are really middle of the road product.
Premium shingles can offer even more depth and variation. These are luxury shingles are known for their totally different look. Truly premium shingles are designed to be as durable and long lasting as possible. Here, multi-colored options exist, along with cool-roof asphalt shingles, and other cutting edge technological advancements.
To be clear, the architectural shingles are the predominant product in the asphalt shingle market today. The other two options are also being sold and are quite popular in their own right.
3-tab makes for a great starter row on any type of asphalt shingle roof. Plus 3-tab can be sufficient wherever economic considerations may outweigh quality, such as on some low-priority commercial buildings and value residential roofs.
Premium shingles are deemed by many as too luxurious, but there are people willing to pay nearly twice the cost for a better designed, longer lasting roof, which the luxury shingles provide.
Another consideration which each of the three options has to do with how the product can perform during storm weather and strong wind uplift.
Essentially, the cheaper the product the less wind it can withstand before the 3-tab tiles curl or are even blown off. This pertains directly to product warranty. Here’s a quick rundown:
- 3-tab shingles are rated for 60 to 70 mph wind uplift, usually holding to a 20 to 30 year product warranty
- Architectural shingles are rated for 110 to 130 mph winds, with 30 to 50 year warranties
- Premium shingles are also rated for up to 110-130 mph uplift, and usually come with limited lifetime warranty
For more visuals and info on the three variations of asphalt shingles, see this page from the IKO Roofing Manufacturer’s website.
Costs and Value of Asphalt Shingles
First things first. It helps to know who the major manufacturers of asphalt shingles are. This includes:
- Owens Corning
- Sherriff-Goslin Co.
- and more
Buying the Materials
Owens Corning and GAF make their products available at mega home improvement stores like Home Depot and Lowe’s. CertainTeed and other manufacturers normally offer their products through the local building supply stores aka building material suppliers, which generally means that their products are available for sale to contractors only.
Is Asphalt Shingle a Viable DIY Option?
While installation of Asphalt Shingles is certainly a product that a DIY’er can handle, it’s still wise to consider going with a professional contractor.
Roofers, normally have an established relationship with building material suppliers, meaning they can buy roofing materials including shingles at a discount. Plus, they can do the job much faster, handle all the waste, overcome problems during the installation much quicker, and offer warranties.
With that said, the price of just the roofing material is often conveyed in terms of bundles. A bundle typically amounts to about 33.3 sq.ft. As that is an odd number to keep track of, roofers usually go with a “square.” A square equals 100 sq. ft, so 3 bundles per square for 3-tab shingles, 4 bundles per square for architectural shingles, and four or five bundles per square for premium shingles. A roofing surface covering 2,000 sq. ft. would be equal to 20 squares.
- 3-tab shingles cost about $75 to $95 per square (normally 3 bundles)
- Architectural shingles cost about $95 to $155 per square
- Premium shingles cost about $160 to $280 per square (and up)
Then there are the accessories like fasteners/nails, underlayment, ridge cap, ventilation, flashing, drip edge, and possibly more. These aren’t terribly expensive, but if sticking with a 3-tab shingle, then the price is closer to $150 to $180 per square for all the materials required for the job.
So, for a typical 20 square (2,000 sq. ft.) sloped roof, standard materials and supplies like asphalt shingles, system components (flashing, starter shingles, hip & ridge caps), underlayment, etc., will normally cost between $3,500 to $4,500 for the materials, not including the cost of plywood or wood boards. That’s relatively low compared to most other roofing materials, and well under the $10,000 number we started with.
But that’s without the cost and the hassle of pulling the building permit, performing the tear-off, having the benefit of general liability or worker’s comp insurance.
Essentially, this is the bare-bone cost to expect should you decide to go the DIY route.
Understanding How a Roofing Job is Priced
When it comes to any roofing job, there are a few things that need to be determined before any material is bought, and a pro will have these down to standard operating procedure.
Items like: pitch (or slope) of the roof matter in terms of how efficient the overall job will be and how much area of the roof needs to be covered. Is a tear-off of the previous roof needed? Usually, it is not, unless there are already two or more layers of shingles.
If the tear off is needed, that will likely be an added cost of about $100 to $200 per square to professionally remove and dispose of the old roof.
What is enough material to get for a simple project?
Assuming a 5% to 15% material waste is normal for most projects, but that percentage could be higher on a more cut-up roof.
Material costs aside, it can be challenging to quote costs for roofers, without seeing the actual job first. The costs can vary greatly by location and job difficulty.
That said, a typical 2,000 square foot architectural shingles roof replacement, will normally cost between $5.00 and $9.00 per sq. ft. or $500.00 to $900.00 per square installed, or $10,000 to $18,000 overall.
The latter number is well over the $10,000 figure, but a more competitive pricing would likely be closer to the $12,000-$15,000 range.
The above figures assume all the permitting and planning expenses, materials, labor, and a typical 5-year or 10-year workmanship warranty.
Though some contractors will think they are doing you a service with 6 months or a full year warranty.
We’d suggest you strongly consider a 5 year or longer labor warranty as the standard. If a contractor is offering you a low overall cost (say $8,000 total on our earlier numbers) with 1-year warranty, then they may not necessarily be providing you a fair deal.
Most roofing products will last a minimum of 10 years, and that’s being very conservative, if properly installed, which is what pros do. 15 to 20 years is a fairer minimum for a 3-tab shingles roof. Architectural shingles are supposed to last 30+ years when properly installed.
Some manufacturers boast as high as 50-years material warranties, yet our research shows that to be mostly a gimmick.
Finally, it is the return on investment or ROI you get from a roof. A new roof does not have the highest ROI in terms of home improvement, whereas a mid-range kitchen renovation or a bathroom remodel can sometimes score higher. But where’s the curb appeal in those projects?
Where’s the long lasting, low maintenance value in those options? Both interior remodeling projects are going to cost well more than $25,000. For the biggest bang for your buck, a new roof is arguably offering the best ROI.
You can generally translate around 70% of the cost (what you spent – especially if you didn’t pay an exorbitant amount) into the added value of the home, assuming the roof is in very good condition or better.
Advantages of Asphalt Shingle Roof
- Economical roofing, great ROI
- Multiple options, colors, textures, technological advancements
- Ease of installation, likely very easy to find a competitively priced contractor
- Durable enough to be walked on, likely to last no less than 15 years
Disadvantages of Asphalt Shingle Roof
- Compared to other materials (i.e., metal and stone), it isn’t all that long lasting
- Disposal is huge drawback in that asphalt shingles add millions of tons to landfills annually, while other longer lasting materials either contribute far less or can be recycled more efficiently
- Unless inspected annually, cracked, curled or missing shingles can lead to repairs beyond needing a new roof covering
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